Alpha Legacy
MLK

Born on February 23, 1868, William Edward Burghart DuBois is one of the greatest African-Americans in our nation's history. Much like them, he was a leader of his people and was a man who sought to share fully with them through his works. DuBois attended Fisk University, Harvard University, and University of Berlin. Famous works by DuBois include The Philadelphia Negro, The Souls of Black Folk, The Gift of Black Folk, Black Reconstruction in America, Dusk of Dawn, The Encyclopedia of the Negro, The World and Africa, and The Education of Black People. Dubois was influential in the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and served as editor of its magazine, The Crisis. DuBois died on August 27, 1963, in Accra, Ghana, as a citizen of Ghana.

MLK

Duke Ellington (1899-1974) was born Edward Kennedy Ellington in Washington, DC. A world renowned composer, conductor, and pianist, he began to play professionally at the age of 17. In 1923, he moved to New York City and organized a ten-piece band. Through the 1930's and 1940's he and his enlarged band appeared in theaters and nightclubs, on the radio, and in foreign tours. In 1943, he conducted the first of nine annual concerts at Carnegie Hall, in New York City. His compositions are known for their modified concerto form and central solo instrumental passages. Among his most famous songs are "Mood Indigo" (1931), "Sophisticated Lady" (1933), and "Solitude" (1934). His band's signature piece, "Take the 'A' Train," is still widely performed by many of today's top jazz ensembles. Brother Ellington is one of the most respected figures in the history of jazZ, and is credited with bringing the art form into concert halls and religious services. His autobiography, published in 1973, is entitled Music Is My Mistress.

MLK

Frederick Douglass, born a slave, Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, in Talbot County, Maryland. Douglass has been called the father of the civil rights movement. He rose through determination, brilliance, and eloquence to shape the American nation. He was an abolitionist, human rights and women's rights activist, orator, author, journalist, publisher, and social reformer. Committed to freedom, Douglass dedicated his life to achieving justice for all Americans, in particular African-Americans, women, and minority groups. He envisioned America as an inclusive nation strengthened by diversity and free of discrimination. Frederick Douglas died on February 20, 1895 at Cedar Hill after attending a women's rights meeting. He became an honorary member of Omega Chapter in 1921, enjoying the distinction of being the only member initiated posthumously. It is also noted that Douglas died before the founding of the Fraternity.

MLK

Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was ordained in 1947 and became minister of a Baptist church in Montgomery, Ala. He led the boycott by Montgomery blacks against the segregated city bus lines, and he attained national prominence by advocating a policy of passive resistance to segregation. In 1956, he gained a major victory and prestige as a civil rights leader when the Montgomery buses began to operate on a desegregated basis. King organized the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the massive March on Washington, which brought more than 200,000 people together. In 1964 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. On April 4, 1968, he was shot and killed by an assassin's bullet on the balcony of the motel where he was staying. His birthday is an American national holiday, celebrated on the third Monday in January.

MLK

James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens was born in Danville, Alabama in 1913. After his family moved to Ohio, he became known as "Jesse", derived from his initials "J.C.". Brother Owens competed as a runner while at Ohio State University, setting two world records. At the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, Adolf Hitler put on a massive propaganda campaign claiming that Aryan supremacy would win the games for the Nordic countries. Brother Owens, a Black man, won gold medals in four events, beating several world records and embarrassing the Nazis. Brother Owens died in 1980.

MLK

In the annals of Alpha's history, no one man has exemplified the spirit of an Alphaman more than Brother Paul Robeson. Born in 1898, he was a world famous scholar, athlete, actor, singer and civil rights activist. Entering Rutgers University on an academic scholarship, Brother Robeson excelled in athletics and earned a combined 12 letters in track, football, baseball and basketball. During his senior year, he earned All-American honors in football and graduated with Phi Beta Kappa honors as well as the distinction of being named a Rhodes Scholar. In 1923, he received his law degree from Columbia University, where he was discovered acting in a school play. Brother Robeson went on to star in numerous productions including Porgy and Bess and Othello, where his outstanding voice was well received. Traveling the world, Robeson spoke several languages including Chinese, Russian, Gaelic and Spanish. In 1945, he was awarded the NAACP's Spingarn Medal for his outstanding achievements in the theater and on the concert stage. Brother Paul Robeson, arguably the most versatile black man of all-time, died in Philadelphia on January 23, 1976.

MLK

Sidney Poitier was born February 20, 1927 and he is an African-American actor. He was born in Miami, Florida and grew up on Cat Island in the Bahamas. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in the 1963 film Lilies of the Field and was the first African-American actor to win this award. He received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2002. He acted in the first run of "Raisin in the Sun" on Broadway in 1959, and in its Hollywood adaptation in 1961. In addition to authoring This Life (1980) and The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2000), Poitier has also served as the Bahamian ambassador to Japan since April of 1997.

MLK

Garrett Augustus Morgan was born on March 4, 1877, in Paris, Kentucky. In 1912, he invented the first gas mask and received a patent for it in 1914. On July 25, 1916, Morgan made national news for using his gas mask to rescue several men trapped during an explosion in an underground tunnel beneath Lake Erie. Following the rescue, Morgan's company was bombarded with requests from fire departments around the country that wished to purchase the new life-saving masks. In 1920, Morgan established the newspaper The Cleveland Call. After witnessing a collision between an automobile and a horse-drawn carriage, Morgan invented the Morgan traffic signal, a T-shaped pole that featured three positions: Stop, Go and an all-directional stop position.

MLK

Brother Thurgood Marshall was born in 1908 and was the first African-American justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He served as an associate justice from 1967 until his retirement in 1991. As a justice, Brother Marshall took liberal positions on a wide variety of issues, including capital punishment, free speech, school desegregation, and affirmative action. From 1940 to 1961, he was director and chief counsel for the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. Marshall is perhaps best known for arguing, before the Supreme Court, Brown v. Board of Education, the landmark case declaring segregation in public schools unconstitutional.

Prominent Members of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.

Activists:
  • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.: Civil Rights Activist
  • Julius L. Chambers: NAACP Legal Defense Fund
  • Lester Granger: National Urban League
  • Frederick Douglass: Anti-Slavery Activist
  • W.E.B. Dubois: Writer, Historian, Civil Rights Activist
  • Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.: Civil Rights Activist
  • Thurgood Marshall: Civil Rights Activist, Supreme Court Justice
  • Paul Robeson: Activist, Scholar, Singer, Football Player
  • Dick Gregory: Activist
  • William Gray: United Negro College Fund, Businessman
  • Franklin Williams: Phelps-Stokes Fund
Education/Scholarship:
  • James Check: Howard University
  • Thomas W. Cole, Jr.: President, Clark-Atlanta University
  • William B. DeLauder: President, Delaware St. University
  • John Hope Franklin: Historian
  • E. Franklin Frazier: Sociologist
  • Dennis Kimbro: Author
  • Frederick Patterson: Founder, UNCF
  • Dr. Ronald J. Temple: Chancellor, City Colleges of Chicago
  • Cornell West: Author
  • Andrew Zawacki: Rhodes Scholar, Author
  • Dr. Raymond W. Cannon: 1st Edition, Sphinx Magazine
  • Norm Francis: President, Xavier University
Science and Medicine:
  • Dr. Lessall D. Leffall: President, American College of Surgeons
  • James Comer: Psychologist
  • Garrett Morgan: Inventor, Traffic Signal
  • Louis Sullivan: Secretary of Health and Education
  • Winston Scott: Commander NASA
Entertainment:
  • Daryl Bell: Actor
  • Tony Brown: Journalist/Producer
  • Countee Cullen: Poet
  • Duke Ellington: Jazz Musician
  • Donny Hathaway: Musician
  • Eugene Jackson: National Black Network
  • Stuart Scott: ESPN Anchorman
  • Chuck Stone: Philadelphia Daily News
  • Keenan Ivory Wayans: Comedian, Producer
Government/Politics:
  • Kwame Kilpatrick: Mayor of Detroit
  • Dennis Archer: former, Mayor of Detroit
  • Richard Arrington: Mayor of Birmingham
  • Willie Brown: Mayor of San Francisco
  • David Dinkins: Former Mayor of New York
  • Rev. Emmanuel Cleaver: Mayor of Kansas City
  • Chaka Fattah: Congressman, Pennsylvania
  • Ernest Finney: South Carolina Supreme Court Justice
  • Earl Hilliard: Congressman, Alabama (7th District)
  • Maynard Jackson: Former Mayor of Atlanta
  • Thurgood Marshall: Former U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • Earnest "Dutch" Morial: 1st Black Mayor of New Orleans
  • Marc Morial: Mayor of New Orleans
  • Charles Rangel: Congressman, New York (15th District)
  • Robert C. Scott: Congressman, Virginia (3rd District)
  • Andrew Young: Former Mayor of Atlanta
Sports:
  • Quinn Buckner: Former NBA Player and Coach
  • Wes Chandler: Former NFL Player
  • Todd Day: NBA Player
  • Rosie Greer: Former NFL Player
  • Charles Haley: NFL Player
  • Michael Jackson: NFL Player
  • Carnell Lake: NFL Player
  • Jesse Owens: Olympic Gold Medalist
  • Fritz Pollard: 1st Black Head Coach in the NFL
  • Mike Powell: Track Star
  • Eddie Robinson: Winningest Football Coach in NCAA History
  • Art Shell: Former NFL Player and Coach
  • Wes Unseld: Former NBA Player and Coach
  • Gene Upshaw: President of the NFL Players Association
  • Lenny Wilkens: Winningest Coach in NBA History
  • John "Hot Rod" Williams: Former NBA Player
  • Reggie Williams: Cincinnati Bengals
Military:
  • Roscoe Cartwright: General, AUS
  • Samuel Gravel: Admiral, USN
  • Edward Honor: Major General, AUS
  • Fred A. Gorden: Brigadere General
  • Samuel Gravely: Admiral
  • Benjamin Hacker: Rear Admiral
  • Edward Honor: Major General
  • James McCall: Major General
Business:
  • Thomas J. Burrell: CEO, Burrell Advertising
  • W. Melvin Brown: CEO, American Development Corp.
  • John H. Johnson: Entrepreneur
  • Delano Lewis: President, National Public Radio
  • Henry Parks: Founder, Parks Sausages, Inc.
  • Joshua Smith: CEO, Maxima Corporation
----------------------------
Add us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter Follow us on Instagram Upcoming Events Sign our Guestbook
Copyright © 2013 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc. - Epsilon Iota Chapter